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Daf 397 (Pesachim 74a-74b)

Perek 7. Mishnah. “How do we roast the Pesach?” There is a dispute between R’Yose HaGlili and R’Akiva regarding how to mount the carcass over the fire.

Gemara. The gemara wonders why the spit must be made of pomegranite wood. Why not metal? or palm wood? or fig wood? or oak or carob or sycamore? Is it permissible to eat a roasted animal “stuffed with raw meat”?

Daf 398 (Pesachim 75a-75b)

The mishnah seems to be saying that the Pesach offering may not be roasted on a grill, but it is known that Rabban Gamliel used a grill. The gemara speculates that the mishnah was referring to a grill that was not perforated. The Sages debate what constitutes “fire roasting.” They digress to consider the various options for executing one who has been sentenced to die by fire.

Mishnah. Here are additional restrictions on fire roasting.

Daf 399 (Pesachim 76a-76b)

Gemara. The Sages seek to determine how to deal with gravy and other substances that drip onto the meat. Is the mingling of aromas also a concern?

Mishnah. The rules restricting contaminated communities from eating most offerings are different from those for Pesach.

Gemara. The gemara seeks to determine if the mishnah has omitted any offerings.

Daf 400 (Pesachim 77a-77b)

There is a dispute about the validity of offerings when the blood or the meat have been compromised. R’Elizer insists the ruling is derived explicitly from Scripture. Pointing to a less explicit source, R’Yehoshua counters, “Whenever it is possible to expound the superfluous verse we expound it.” Knowing the source of their rulings does not resolve the question of how and when to apply them to determine the validity of an offering.

Daf 401 (Pesachim 78a-78b)

R’Yose’s opinion is added to the mix as the gemara continues by exploring the status of one who ate meat that was subsequently discovered to be part of an invalid offering. It then returns to the question of whether the communal offering may proceed if a fault is found in the meat after it has begun. For individual offerings, these “leniencies” are not considered.

Mishnah. Here are rules pertaining to an individual’s Pesach offering.

Gemara. Why is the offering accepted if it is unfit to be eaten? Perhaps it is sufficient to have had the intention to eat it at the time of the offering?

Daf 402 (Pesachim 79a-79b)

Mishnah. Here are protocols for the Pesach offering when either some of the people or the Kohen are contaminated.

Gemara. The gemara cites a Baraisa that adds the consideration of when the sacred vessels are contaminated. When half the people are contaminated and half are not, Rav treats each half as a majority; Rav Kahana treats each half as a minority. The gemara wonders if Rav Kahana’s ruling might exclude the contaminated from participating in both the first and second offering.

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