Is flavor equivalent to substance?

Daf 361 (Pesachim 38a-38b)

Does one only fulfill the obligation to eat matzah with matzah that one owns? Must the matzah have been made with the intention of fulfilling the mitzvah?

Daf 362 (Pesachim 39a-39b)

Mishnah. Here is a list of vegetables that may be used to make maror.

Gemara. The gemara suggests vegetables that had only been alluded to in the mishnah. R’Yochanan concludes, “From the words of all . . . it may be learned that a bitter herb necessarily has sap and its appearance is pale green.”

Does it more completely satisfy the mitzvah to eat the most bitter herb or the one listed first in the mishnah? The rabbis argue over whether all vegetables that may constitute maror may be planted in the same bed.

Mishnah. Here are processes that may facilitate leavening and thus should be avoided during Pesach.

Gemara. The gemara suggests foods that do not become leavened when moistened.

Daf 363 (Pesachim 40a-40b)

The gemara seeks to determine if it is forbidden to soak any grains during Pesach. One can eat matzah prepared by a gentile but does it fulfill the mitzvah (can we be sure it was properly “guarded”)?

Is it permissible to add flour to a pot during Pesach? Rava asks, “Is there anyone who would permit such a thing in a place where slaves are common?” (Though some say Rava would personally add the flour to thicken the sauce.)

Mishnah. Here are more actions that are forbidden because they might cause chametz to develop.

Gemara. There is a dispute on whether flour may be added to mustard.

Daf 364 (Pesachim 41a-41b)

All agree that meat cooked in water may not be eaten during Pesach; they disagree on the case of a pot roast cooked in its own fat, for which it may depend on whether it was roasted before it was cooked.

Daf 365 (Pesachim 42a-42b)

The gemara seeks to determine how to recognize whether a rule regulating Pesach observance is a positive or negative commandment.

Perek 3. Mishnah. Which are the substances it is forbidden to own on Pesach?

Gemara. The gemara comments on the nutritional value of various foods that are not consumed during Pesach. It notes that the quality of wine in Israel declined following the destruction of the Temple.

Daf 366 (Pesachim 43a-43b)

If eating matzah is a time-bound positive commandment, are women exempt? The gemara considers and rejects the possibility.

Does the Biblical prohibition against eating chametz apply to mixtures that contain chametz?

Daf 367 (Pesachim 44a-44b)

Apparently, even if mixtures containing terumah and chametz might be Biblically forbidden, Rav Dimi suggests that “nowadays” (i.e., in “exile”) this is not a concern.

Is flavor equivalent to substance? — i.e., if the quantity of a forbidden substance is below the minimum that is forbidden, but the flavor of the forbidden substance is clearly present, is the substance forbidden?

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